Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Remote Code Execution

ITS ADVISORY NUMBER:
2024-025

DATE(S) ISSUED:
03/05/2024

SUBJECT: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Remote Code Execution

OVERVIEW: Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution. Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices, including, but not limited to, smartphones, tablets, and watches. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the exploited component, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE: There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Android OS patch levels prior to 2024-03-05

 

RISK: Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: Medium

 

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: Medium

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY: Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution. Following the MITRE ATT&CK framework, exploitation of these vulnerabilities can be classified as follows:

Tactic: Execution (TA0002)

Technique: Exploitation for Client Execution (T1203):

  • A vulnerability in System could allow for remote code execution. (CVE-2024-0039)

Details of lower-severity vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Framework that could allow for escalation of privilege. (CVE-2024-0044, CVE-2024-0046, CVE-2024-0048, CVE-2024-0049, CVE-2024-0050, CVE-2024-0051)
  • A vulnerability in Framework that could allow for information disclosure. (CVE-2024-0053)
  • A vulnerability in Framework that could allow for Denial of Service. (CVE-2024-0047)
  • A vulnerability in System that could allow for escalation of privilege. (CVE-2024-23717)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in System that could allow for information disclosure. (CVE-2023-40081, CVE-2024-0045, CVE-2024-0052)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in AMLogic. (CVE-2023-48424, CVE-2023-48425)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Arm components. (CVE-2023-6143, CVE-2023-6241)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in MediaTek components. (CVE-2024-20005, CVE-2024-20022, CVE-2024-20023, CVE-2024-20024, CVE-2024-20025, CVE-2024-20027, CVE-2024-20028, CVE-2024-20020, CVE-2024-20026)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components. (CVE-2023-43546, CVE-2023-43547, CVE-2023-43550, CVE-2023-43552, CVE-2023-43553, CVE-2023-33090)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm closed-source components. (CVE-2023-28578, CVE-2023-33042, CVE-2023-33066, CVE-2023-33105, CVE-2023-43539, CVE-2023-43548, CVE-2023-43549, CVE-2023-33078)
  • A vulnerability in Kernel components that could allow for escalation of privilege. (CVE-2024-25987)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the exploited component, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full rights.

RECOMMENDATIONS: We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply appropriate patches provided by Google to vulnerable systems, immediately after appropriate testing. (M1051: Update Software)
    • Safeguard 7.1: Establish and Maintain a Vulnerability Management Process: Establish and maintain a documented vulnerability management process for enterprise assets. Review and update documentation annually, or when significant enterprise changes occur that could impact this Safeguard.
    • Safeguard 7.4: Perform Automated Application Patch Management: Perform application updates on enterprise assets through automated patch management on a monthly, or more frequent, basis.
    • Safeguard 7.5: Perform Automated Vulnerability Scans of Internal Enterprise Assets: Perform automated vulnerability scans of internal enterprise assets on a quarterly, or more frequent, basis. Conduct both authenticated and unauthenticated scans, using a SCAP-compliant vulnerability scanning tool.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources. Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources. (M1017: User Training)
  • Use capabilities to detect and block conditions that may lead to or be indicative of a software exploit occurring. (M1050: Exploit Protection)
    • Safeguard 10.5: Enable Anti-Exploitation Features: Enable anti-exploitation features on enterprise assets and software, where possible, such as Apple® System Integrity Protection (SIP) and Gatekeeper™.
    • Safeguard 13.10 : Perform Application Layer Filtering: Perform application layer filtering. Example implementations include a filtering proxy, application layer firewall, or gateway.

REFERENCES:

Google: https://source.android.com/docs/security/bulletin/2024-03-01

CVE: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-6143

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-6241

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-28578

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-33042

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-33066

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-33078

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-33090

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-33105

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43539

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43546

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43547

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43548

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43549

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43550

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43552

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-43553

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-48424

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-48425

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-25987

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0044

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0045

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0046

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0047

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0048

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0049

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0050

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0051

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0052

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-0053

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20005

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20020

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20022

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20023

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20024

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20025

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20026

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20027

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20028

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-23717