Multiple Vulnerabilities in Adobe Products Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS ADVISORY NUMBER:
2024-054

DATE(S) ISSUED:
05/14/2024

SUBJECT:
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Adobe Products Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

OVERVIEW:
Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Adobe products, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution.

  • Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software and Web services used to view, create, manipulate, print and manage Portable Document Format (PDF) files.
  • Adobe Substance3D Painter is a 3D painting software that allows users to texture and add materials directly to 3D meshes in real-time.
  • Adobe Substance3D Designer is a 3D design software that generates textures from procedural patterns inside node-based graphs.
  • Adobe Aero is a cross platform solution that enables creatives with no coding and mininmal 3D experience to design, share, and view interactive augmented reality experiences.
  • Adobe FrameMaker lets you create structured or template-based documents, review and collaborate with multiple content management systems and publish to a multitude of devices.
  • Adobe Dreamweaver is a proprietary web development tool.
  • Adobe Illustrator is a vector graphics editor and design software.
  • Adobe Animate is used to create vector graphics and interactive content.

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution in the context of the logged on user. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:
There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED:

  • Adobe Acrobat DC 24.002.20736 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Acrobat Reader DC 24.002.20736 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Acrobat 2020 20.005.30574 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Acrobat Reader 2020 20.005.30574 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Substance 3D Painter 9.1.2 and earlier versions.
  • Adobe Substance 3D Designer 13.1.1 and earlier versions.
  • Adobe Aero 0.23.4 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe FrameMaker 2020 Release Update 5 and earlier on Windows.
  • Adobe FrameMaker 2022 Release Update 3 and earlier on Windows.
  • Adobe Dreamweaver 21.3 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Illustrator 2024 28.4 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Illustrator 2023 27.9.3 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Animate 2023 23.0.5 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Animate 2024 24.0.2 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.

RISK:
Government:

  • Large and medium government entities: High
  • Small government entities: Medium

Businesses:

  • Large and medium business entities: High
  • Small business entities: Medium

Home users: Low

TECHNICAL SUMMARY:
Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Adobe Products, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows

Tactic: Execution (TA0002)

Technique: Exploitation for Client Execution (T1203):


Adobe Dreamweaver 21.3 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.

  • Adobe Animate 2023 23.0.5 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.
  • Adobe Animate 2024 24.0.2 and earlier versions on Windows and macOS.

Adobe Acrobat:

  • Use After Free. (CVE-2024-30284, CVE-2024-34094, CVE-2024-34095, CVE-2024-34096, CVE-2024-34097, CVE-2024-34100)
  • Out-of-bounds Write. (CVE-2024-30310)
  • Out-of-bounds Read. (CVE-2024-30311, CVE-2024-30312, CVE-2024-34101)
  • Improper Input Validation. (CVE-2024-34098)
  • Improper Access Control. (CVE-2024-34099)

Adobe Substance 3D Painter:

  • Out-of-bounds Read. (CVE-2024-30308, CVE-2024-30309)
  • Out-of-bounds Write (CVE-2024-30274, CVE-2024-30307)

Adobe Substance 3D Designer:

  • Out-of-bounds Read. (CVE-2024-30281)

Adobe Aero:

  • Use After Free. (CVE-2024-30275)

Adobe FrameMaker:

  • Heap-based Buffer Overflow. (CVE-2024-30288)
  • Out-of-bounds Write. (CVE-2024-30291, CVE-2024-30290, CVE-2024-30292)
  • Buffer Overflow. (CVE-2024-30289)
  • Out-of-bounds Read. (CVE-2024-30287, CVE-2024-30286, CVE-2024-30283)

Adobe Dreamweaver:

  • Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection'). (CVE-2024-30314)

Adobe Illustrator:

  • Out-of-bounds Write. (CVE-2024-20791)
  • Out-of-bounds Read. (CVE-2024-20793)
  • Use After Free. (CVE-2024-20792)

Adobe Animate:

  • Out-of-bounds Write. (CVE-2024-30282, CVE-2024-30296, CVE-2024-30297)
  • Stack-based Buffer Overflow. (CVE-2024-30293)
  • Heap-based Buffer Overflow. (CVE-2024-30294)
  • NULL Pointer Dereference. (CVE-2024-30295)
  • Out-of-bounds Read. (CVE-2024-30298)

RECOMMENDATIONS:
We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply the stable channel update provided by Adobe to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing. (M1051: Update Software)
    • Safeguard 7.1 : Establish and Maintain a Vulnerability Management Process: Establish and maintain a documented vulnerability management process for enterprise assets. Review and update documentation annually, or when significant enterprise changes occur that could impact this Safeguard.
    • Safeguard 7.2 : Establish and Maintain a Remediation Process: Establish and maintain a risk-based remediation strategy documented in a remediation process, with monthly, or more frequent, reviews.
    • Safeguard 7.6 : Perform Automated Vulnerability Scans of Externally-Exposed Enterprise Assets: Perform automated vulnerability scans of externally-exposed enterprise assets using a SCAP-compliant vulnerability scanning tool. Perform scans on a monthly, or more frequent, basis.
    • Safeguard 7.7 : Remediate Detected Vulnerabilities: Remediate detected vulnerabilities in software through processes and tooling on a monthly, or more frequent, basis, based on the remediation process.
    • Safeguard 16.13 Conduct Application Penetration Testing: Conduct application penetration testing. For critical applications, authenticated penetration testing is better suited to finding business logic vulnerabilities than code scanning and automated security testing. Penetration testing relies on the skill of the tester to manually manipulate an application as an authenticated and unauthenticated user.
    • Safeguard 18.1 : Establish and Maintain a Penetration Testing Program: Establish and maintain a penetration testing program appropriate to the size, complexity, and maturity of the enterprise. Penetration testing program characteristics include scope, such as network, web application, Application Programming Interface (API), hosted services, and physical premise controls; frequency; limitations, such as acceptable hours, and excluded attack types; point of contact information; remediation, such as how findings will be routed internally; and retrospective requirements.
    • Safeguard 18.2 : Perform Periodic External Penetration Tests: Perform periodic external penetration tests based on program requirements, no less than annually. External penetration testing must include enterprise and environmental reconnaissance to detect exploitable information. Penetration testing requires specialized skills and experience and must be conducted through a qualified party. The testing may be clear box or opaque box.
    • Safeguard 18.3 : Remediate Penetration Test Findings: Remediate penetration test findings based on the enterprise’s policy for remediation scope and prioritization.
       
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services. Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack. (M1026: Privileged Account Management)
    • Safeguard 4.7: Manage Default Accounts on Enterprise Assets and Software: Manage default accounts on enterprise assets and software, such as root, administrator, and other pre-configured vendor accounts. Example implementations can include: disabling default accounts or making them unusable.
    • Safeguard 5.4: Restrict Administrator Privileges to Dedicated Administrator Accounts: Restrict administrator privileges to dedicated administrator accounts on enterprise assets. Conduct general computing activities, such as internet browsing, email, and productivity suite use, from the user’s primary, non-privileged account.
       
  • Restrict use of certain websites, block downloads/attachments, block Javascript, restrict browser extensions, etc. (M1021: Restrict Web-Based Content)
    • Safeguard 2.3: Address Unauthorized Software: Ensure that unauthorized software is either removed from use on enterprise assets or receives a documented exception. Review monthly, or more frequently.
    • Safeguard 2.7: Allowlist Authorized Scripts: Use technical controls, such as digital signatures and version control, to ensure that only authorized scripts, such as specific .ps1, .py, etc., files, are allowed to execute. Block unauthorized scripts from executing. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
    • Safeguard 9.3: Maintain and Enforce Network-Based URL Filters: Enforce and update network-based URL filters to limit an enterprise asset from connecting to potentially malicious or unapproved websites. Example implementations include category-based filtering, reputation-based filtering, or through the use of block lists. Enforce filters for all enterprise assets.
    • Safeguard 9.6: Block Unnecessary File Types: Block unnecessary file types attempting to enter the enterprise’s email gateway.
       
  • Use capabilities to detect and block conditions that may lead to or be indicative of a software exploit occurring. (M1050: Exploit Protection)
    • Safeguard 10.5: Enable Anti-Exploitation Features: Enable anti-exploitation features on enterprise assets and software, where possible, such as Microsoft® Data Execution Prevention (DEP), Windows® Defender Exploit Guard (WDEG), or Apple® System Integrity Protection (SIP) and Gatekeeper™.
  • Block execution of code on a system through application control, and/or script blocking. (M1038: Execution Prevention)
    • Safeguard 2.5 : Allowlist Authorized Software: Use technical controls, such as application allowlisting, to ensure that only authorized software can execute or be accessed. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
    • Safeguard 2.6 : Allowlist Authorized Libraries: Use technical controls to ensure that only authorized software libraries, such as specific .dll, .ocx, .so, etc., files, are allowed to load into a system process. Block unauthorized libraries from loading into a system process. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
    • Safeguard 2.7 : Allowlist Authorized Scripts: Use technical controls, such as digital signatures and version control, to ensure that only authorized scripts, such as specific .ps1, .py, etc., files, are allowed to execute. Block unauthorized scripts from executing. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
       
  • Use capabilities to prevent suspicious behavior patterns from occurring on endpoint systems. This could include suspicious process, file, API call, etc. behavior. (M1040: Behavior Prevention on Endpoint)
    • Safeguard 13.2 : Deploy a Host-Based Intrusion Detection Solution: Deploy a host-based intrusion detection solution on enterprise assets, where appropriate and/or supported.
    • Safeguard 13.7 : Deploy a Host-Based Intrusion Prevention Solution: Deploy a host-based intrusion prevention solution on enterprise assets, where appropriate and/or supported. Example implementations include use of an Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) client or host-based IPS agent.

REFERENCES:

Adobe:
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/Home.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb24-29.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/illustrator/apsb24-30.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/substance3d_painter/apsb24-31.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/aero/apsb24-33.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/substance3d_designer/apsb24-35.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/animate/apsb24-36.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/framemaker/apsb24-37.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/dreamweaver/apsb24-39.html

CVE:
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20791
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20792
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-20793
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30274
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30275
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30281
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30282
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30283
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30284
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30286
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30287
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30288
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30289
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30290
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30291
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30292
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30293
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30294
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30295
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30296
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30297
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30298
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30307
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30308
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30309
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30310
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30314
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34094
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34095
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34096
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34097
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34098
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34099
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34100
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30311
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-30312
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2024-34101