Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Remote Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2020-149
Date(s) Issued: 
Tuesday, November 3, 2020
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Remote Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Google Android operating system (OS), the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution. Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices, including, but not limited to, smartphones, tablets, and watches. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution within the context of a privileged process. Depending on the privileges associated with this application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

 

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

 

Systems Affected: 
  • Android OS builds utilizing Security Patch Levels issued prior to November 2, 2020.
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
High
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
High
Home Users: 
High
Description: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for remote code execution within the context of a privileged process. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A denial of service vulnerability in System. (CVE-2020-0437)
  • An arbitrary code vulnerability in System. (CVE-2020-0449)
  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in System. (CVE-2020-12856)
  • Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities in System. (CVE-2020-0424, CVE-2020-0448, CVE-2020-0450, CVE-2020-0453)
  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Android runtime. (CVE-2020-0409)
  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Media Framework. (CVE-2020-0438)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in Media Framework. (CVE-2020-0451)
  • An arbitrary code vulnerability in Media Framework. (CVE-2020-0452)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in Framework. (CVE-2020-0454)
  • Multiple denial of service vulnerabilities in Framework. (CVE-2020-0441, CVE-2020-0442, CVE-2020-0443)
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in Framework. (CVE-2020-0418, CVE-2020-0439)
  • Multiple high severity vulnerabilities in MediaTek components. (CVE-2020-0445, CVE-2020-0446, CVE-2020-0447)
  • A Critical severity vulnerability in Qualcomm closed-source components.  (CVE-2020-3639,)
  • Multiple high severity vulnerabilities in Qualcomm closed-source components. (CVE-2020-11123, CVE-2020-11127, CVE-2020-11168, CVE-2020-11175, CVE-2020-11184, CVE-2020-11193, CVE-2020-11196, CVE-2020-11205, CVE-2020-3632)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution in the context of a privileged process. These vulnerabilities could be exploited through multiple methods such as email, web browsing, and MMS when processing media files. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

 

Actions: 
  • After appropriate testing, immediately apply the updates provided by Google Android or mobile carriers to vulnerable systems.
  • Remind users to only download applications from trusted vendors in the Play Store.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources.
References: 

Google Android:
http://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2020-11-01.html

CVE:
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0409
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0418
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0424
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0437
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0438
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0439
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0441
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0442
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0443
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0445
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0446
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0447
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0448
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0449
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0450
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0451
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0452
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0453
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0454
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-3632
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-3639
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11123
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11127
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11168
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11175
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11184
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11193
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11196
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11205
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-12856