Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2019-004
Date(s) Issued: 
Wednesday, January 9, 2019
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Google Android operating system (OS), the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices, including, but not limited to, smartphones, tablets, and watches. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for remote code execution within the context of a privileged process. Depending on the privileges associated with this application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

Systems Affected: 
  • Android OS builds utilizing Security Patch Levels issued prior to January 5, 2019.
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
High
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
High
Home Users: 
High
Description: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution within the context of a privileged process. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Framework. (CVE-2018-9582)
  • A remote code execution vulnerability in System. (CVE-2018-9583) 
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in System. (CVE-2018-9584, CVE-2018-9585, CVE-2018-9586, CVE-2018-9587)
  • Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities in System. (CVE-2018-9588, CVE-2018-9589, CVE-2018-9590, CVE-2018-9591, CVE-2018-9592, CVE-2018-9593, CVE-2018-9594)
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in Kernel components.  (CVE-2018-10876, CVE-2018-10880, CVE-2018-10882, CVE-2018-13405, CVE-2018-17182, CVE-2018-18281)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in Kernel components. (CVE-2018-10877)
  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in NVIDIA components. (CVE-2018-6241)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components. (CVE-2018-11962, CVE-2018-12014, CVE-2018-13889)
  • Multiple Qualcomm closed-source components. (CVE-2018-11847, CVE-2018-11888, CVE-2018-13888)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution in the context of a privileged process. These vulnerabilities could be exploited through multiple methods such as email, web browsing, and MMS when processing media files. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

Actions: 
  • After appropriate testing, immediately apply updates by Google Android or mobile carriers to vulnerable systems.
  • Remind users to only download applications from trusted vendors in the Play Store.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources.
References: 

Google Android:

https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2019-01-01.html

CVE:

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-6241

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9582

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9583

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9584

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9585

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9586

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9587

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9588

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9589

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9590

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9591

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9592

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9593

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-9594

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-10876

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-10877

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-10880

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-10882

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-11847

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-11888

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-11962

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12014

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-13405

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-13888

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-13889

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-17182

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-18281