Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Firefox Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2019-021
Date(s) Issued: 
Wednesday, February 13, 2019
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Firefox Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Mozilla Firefox and Firefox Extended Support Release (ESR), the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Mozilla Firefox is a web browser used to access the Internet. Mozilla Firefox ESR is a version of the web browser intended to be deployed in large organizations. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

Systems Affected: 
  • Mozilla Firefox versions prior to 65.0.1
  • Mozilla Firefox ESR versions prior to 60.5.1
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
Medium
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
Medium
Home Users: 
Low
Description: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Mozilla Firefox and Firefox Extended Support Release (ESR), the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Details of the vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A use-after-free vulnerability in the Skia library can occur when creating a path, leading to a potentially exploitable crash. (CVE-2018-18356)
  • An integer overflow vulnerability in the Skia library can occur after specific transform operations, leading to a potentially exploitable crash. (CVE-2019-5785)
  • Cross-origin images can be read from a canvas element in violation of the same-origin policy using the transferFromImageBitmap method. Note: This only affects Firefox 65. Previous versions are unaffected. (CVE-2018-18511)
  • A buffer overflow vulnerability in the Skia library can occur with Canvas 2D acceleration on macOS. This issue was addressed by disabling Canvas 2D acceleration in Firefox ESR. Note: this does not affect other versions and platforms where Canvas 2D acceleration is already disabled by default. (CVE-2018-18335)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

Actions: 
  • After appropriate testing, immediately apply updates provided by Mozilla to vulnerable systems.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services.