Multiple Vulnerabilities in Adobe Products Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2022-102
Date(s) Issued: 
Wednesday, August 10, 2022
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Adobe Products Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Adobe products, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution.

  • Adobe Commerce is an offering that provides companies with a flexible and scalable end-to-end plate form to manage commerce experiences of their customers.
  • Adobe Acrobat and Reader are used to view, create, print, and mange PDF files.
  • Illustrator is a vector graphics editor and design program.
  • Framemaker is a document processor designed for writing and editing large or complex documents.
  • Premiere Elements is a video editing software similar to Premiere Pro.

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

Systems Affected: 
  • Adobe Commerce 2.4.3-p2 and earlier versions  
  • Adobe Commerce 2.3.7-p3 and earlier versions
  • Adobe Commerce 2.4.4 and earlier versions
  • Magento Open Source 2.4.3-p2 and earlier versions  
  • Magento Open Source 2.3.7-p3 and earlier versions
  • Magento Open Source 2.4.4 and earlier versions
  • Acrobat DC 22.001.20169 and earlier versions
  • Acrobat Reader DC 22.001.20169 and earlier versions
  • Acrobat 2020 20.005.30362 and earlier versions
  • Acrobat Reader 2020 20.005.30362 and earlier versions
  • Acrobat 2017 17.012.30249 and earlier versions
  • Acrobat Reader 2017 17.012.30249 and earlier versions
  • Illustrator 2022 26.3.1 and earlier versions
  • Illustrator 2021 25.4.6 and earlier versions
  • Adobe FrameMaker 2020 Release Update 4 and earlier for Windows
  • Adobe FrameMaker 2019 Release Update 8 and earlier for Windows
  • Adobe Premiere Elements 2022 (Version 20.0)
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
Medium
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
Medium
Home Users: 
Low
Description: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Adobe Products, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows

Tactic: Execution (TA0002):

            Technique: Exploitation for Client Execution (T1203)

            Technique: User Execution (T1204)

Adobe Commerce

  • XML Injection (aka Blind XPath Injection) which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-34253)
  • Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal') which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-34254)
  • Improper Input Validation which could result in Privilege escalation. (CVE-2022-34255)
  • Improper Authorization which could result in Privilege escalation. (CVE-2022-34256)
  • Cross-site Scripting (Stored XSS) which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-34257, CVE-2022-34258)
  • Improper Access Control which could result in Security feature bypass. (CVE-2022-34259)

Adobe Acrobat and Reader

  • Use After Free which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-35665)
  • Improper Input Validation which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-35666)
  • Out-of-bounds Write which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-35667)
  • Improper Input Validation which could result in a Memory leak. (CVE-2022-35668)
  • Use After Free which could result In a Memory leak. (CVE-2022-35670)
  • Out-of-bounds Read which could result in a Memory leak. (CVE-2022-35671, CVE-2022-35678)

Adobe Illustrator

  • Out-of-bounds Write which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-34260)
  • Out-of-bounds Read which could result in a Memory Leak. (CVE-2022-34261, CVE-2022-34262)
  • Use After Free which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-34263)

Adobe FrameMaker

  • Out-of-bounds Read which could result in a Memory Leak. (CVE-2022-34264)
  • Out-of-bounds Read which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-35673, CVE-2022-35674)
  • Use After Free which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-35675)
  • Heap-based Buffer Overflow which could result in Arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2022-35676, CVE-2022-35677)

Adobe Premiere Elements

  • Uncontrolled Search Path Element which could result in Privilege escalation. (CVE-2022-34235)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution. Depending on the privileges associated with the user an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

Actions: 

We recommend the following actions be taken:

  • Apply the stable channel update provided by Adobe to vulnerable systems immediately after appropriate testing. (M1051: Update Software)
    • Safeguard 7.1: Establish and Maintain a Vulnerability Management Process: Establish and maintain a documented vulnerability management process for enterprise assets. Review and update documentation annually, or when significant enterprise changes occur that could impact this Safeguard.
    • Safeguard 7.4: Perform Automated Application Patch Management: Perform application updates on enterprise assets through automated patch management on a monthly, or more frequent, basis.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources. Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources. (M1017: User Training)
    • Safeguard 14.1: Establish and Maintain a Security Awareness Program: Establish and maintain a security awareness program. The purpose of a security awareness program is to educate the enterprise’s workforce on how to interact with enterprise assets and data in a secure manner. Conduct training at hire and, at a minimum, annually. Review and update content annually, or when significant enterprise changes occur that could impact this Safeguard.
    • Safeguard 14.2: Train Workforce Members to Recognize Social Engineering Attacks: Train workforce members to recognize social engineering attacks, such as phishing, pre-texting, and tailgating.
  • Apply the Principle of Least Privilege to all systems and services. Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack. (M1026: Privileged Account Management)
    • Safeguard 4.7: Manage Default Accounts on Enterprise Assets and Software: Manage default accounts on enterprise assets and software, such as root, administrator, and other pre-configured vendor accounts. Example implementations can include: disabling default accounts or making them unusable.
    • Safeguard 5.4: Restrict Administrator Privileges to Dedicated Administrator Accounts: Restrict administrator privileges to dedicated administrator accounts on enterprise assets. Conduct general computing activities, such as internet browsing, email, and productivity suite use, from the user’s primary, non-privileged account.
  • Block execution of code on a system through application control, and/or script blocking. (M1038 : Execution Prevention)
    • Safeguard 2.5 : Allowlist Authorized Software: Use technical controls, such as application allowlisting, to ensure that only authorized software can execute or be accessed. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
    • Safeguard 2.6 : Allowlist Authorized Libraries: Use technical controls to ensure that only authorized software libraries, such as specific .dll, .ocx, .so, etc., files, are allowed to load into a system process. Block unauthorized libraries from loading into a system process. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
    • Safeguard 2.7 : Allowlist Authorized Scripts: Use technical controls, such as digital signatures and version control, to ensure that only authorized scripts, such as specific .ps1, .py, etc., files, are allowed to execute. Block unauthorized scripts from executing. Reassess bi-annually, or more frequently.
  • Restrict execution of code to a virtual environment on or in transit to an endpoint system. (M1048 : Application Isolation and Sandboxing)
    • Safeguard 4.1 : Establish and Maintain a Secure Configuration Process: Establish and maintain a secure configuration process for enterprise assets (end-user devices, including portable and mobile, non-computing/IoT devices, and servers) and software (operating systems and applications). Review and update documentation annually, or when significant enterprise changes occur that could impact this Safeguard.
  • Use capabilities to prevent suspicious behavior patterns from occurring on endpoint systems. This could include suspicious process, file, API call, etc. behavior. (M1040 : Behavior Prevention on Endpoint)
    • Safeguard 13.2 : Deploy a Host-Based Intrusion Detection Solution: Deploy a host-based intrusion detection solution on enterprise assets, where appropriate and/or supported.
    • Safeguard 13.7 : Deploy a Host-Based Intrusion Prevention Solution: Deploy a host-based intrusion prevention solution on enterprise assets, where appropriate and/or supported. Example implementations include use of an Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) client or host-based IPS agent.
References: 

Adobe:
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/security-bulletin.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/magento/apsb22-38.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb22-39.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/illustrator/apsb22-41.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/framemaker/apsb22-42.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/premiere_elements/apsb22-43.html

CVE:
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34235
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34254
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34255
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34256
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34257
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34258
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34259
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34260
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34261
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34262
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34263
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-34264
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35665
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35666
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35667
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35668
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35670
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35671
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35673
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35674
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35675
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35676
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35677
https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-35678