Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2019-107
Date(s) Issued: 
Wednesday, October 9, 2019
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Google Android OS Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Google Android operating system (OS), the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices, including, but not limited to, smartphones, tablets, and watches. Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution within the context of a privileged process. Depending on the privileges associated with this application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

 

THREAT INTELLIGENCE:

There are currently no reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited in the wild.

Systems Affected: 
  • Android OS builds utilizing Security Patch Levels issued prior to October 1, 2019.
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
High
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
High
Home Users: 
High
Description: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Google Android OS, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution within the context of a privileged process. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in Framework. (CVE-2019-2173)
  • An elevation of privilege vulnerability in System. (CVE-2019-2114)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in Media framework. (CVE-2019-2110)
  • An information disclosure vulnerability in System. (CVE-2019-2187)
  • Multiple arbitrary code vulnerabilities in Media framework. (CVE-2019-2184, CVE-2019-2185, CVE-2019-2186)
  • Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities in Kernel component. (CVE-2018-19824, CVE-2019-2215)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm closed-source components. (CVE-2018-13916, CVE-2019-10490, CVE-2019-10513, CVE-2019-2251, CVE-2019-2271, CVE-2019-2289, CVE-2019-2295, CVE-2019-2303, CVE-2019-2315, CVE-2019-2318, CVE-2019-2329, CVE-2019-2335, CVE-2019-2336, CVE-2019-2339)
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Qualcomm components. (CVE-2018-11902, CVE-2019-10535, CVE-2019-2268)

Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution in the context of a privileged process. These vulnerabilities could be exploited through multiple methods such as email, web browsing, and MMS when processing media files. Depending on the privileges associated with the application, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. If this application has been configured to have fewer user rights on the system, exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could have less impact than if it was configured with administrative rights.

Actions: 
  • After appropriate testing, immediately apply the updates provided by Google Android or mobile carriers to vulnerable systems.
  • Remind users to only download applications from trusted vendors in the Play Store.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments, especially from un-trusted sources.
References: 

Google Android:
http://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2019-10-01.html

CVE:
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-11902
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-13916
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-19824
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2110
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2114
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2173
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2184
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2185
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2186
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2187
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2215
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2251
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2268
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2271
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2289
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2295
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2303
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2315
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2318
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2329
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2335
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2336
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-2339
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10490
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10513
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-10535