Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Firefox Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2016-075
Date(s) Issued: 
Wednesday, April 27, 2016
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Firefox Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified in Mozilla Firefox and Firefox ESR, the most severe of which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Mozilla Firefox is a web browser used to access the Internet. Mozilla Firefox ESR is a version of the web browser intended to be deployed in large organizations. Exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to bypass same-origin policy restrictions to access data, and execute arbitrary code in the context of the affected application.

Systems Affected: 
  • Mozilla Firefox versions prior to 46
  • Mozilla Firefox ESR versions prior to 45.1 excluding 38.8
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
High
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
High
Home Users: 
Medium
Description: 

Mozilla has confirmed multiple vulnerabilities in Firefox and Firefox ESR. Exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution, security bypass, and access to sensitive data. These vulnerabilities could be exploited if a user visits or is redirected to a specially-crafted webpage or opens a specially-crafted file. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • A denial-of-service vulnerability due to a null-pointer out-of-bounds read error (CVE-2016-2808)
  • A heap based buffer-overflow vulnerability because it fails to properly bounds check user-supplied data before copying it into an insufficiently sized buffer. (CVE-2016-2814)
  • Multiple memory-corruption vulnerabilities because it fails to adequately bounds-check user-supplied data. (CVE-2016-2807, CVE-2016-2806, CVE-2016-2805, CVE-2016-2804)
  • A security-bypass vulnerability that affects the health reports. (CVE-2016-2820)
  • A cross-site scripting vulnerability because it allows navigation to 'javascript:' URLs without additional permissions. (CVE-2016-2817)
  • A cross-site scripting vulnerability. (CVE-2016-2816)
  • An information-disclosure vulnerability affecting JavaScript with motion and orientation sensors. (CVE-2016-2813)
  • A denial-of-service vulnerability due to an use-after free error. (CVE-2016-2811)
  • A buffer-overflow vulnerability due to a race condition error.  (CVE-2016-2812)
  • A security-bypass vulnerability. Specifically, this issue occurs because the content providers protected with signature-level permissions can be accessed by an application. (CVE-2016-2810)
  • A privilege-escalation vulnerability that affects the 'Maintenance Service' update. (CVE-2016-2809) 
Actions: 
  • After appropriate testing, apply applicable updates provided by Mozilla to vulnerable systems.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.