Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Firefox Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution

ITS Advisory Number: 
2016-101
Date(s) Issued: 
Tuesday, June 7, 2016
Subject: 
Multiple Vulnerabilities in Mozilla Firefox Could Allow for Arbitrary Code Execution
Overview: 

Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified in Mozilla Firefox and Firefox ESR, which could allow for arbitrary code execution. Mozilla Firefox is a web browser used to access the Internet. Mozilla Firefox ESR is a version of the web browser intended to be deployed in large organizations. Exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to bypass same-origin policy restrictions to access data, and execute arbitrary code in the context of the affected application.

Systems Affected: 
  • Mozilla Firefox versions prior to 47
  • Mozilla Firefox ESR versions prior to 45.2
RISK
GOVERNMENT
Large and medium government entities: 
High
Small government entities: 
Medium
BUSINESS
Large and medium business entities: 
High
Small business entities: 
Medium
Home Users: 
Low
Description: 

Mozilla has confirmed multiple vulnerabilities in Firefox and Firefox ESR. Exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution, bypass the same-origin policy and other security restrictions, and perform unauthorized actions. These vulnerabilities could be exploited if a user visits or is redirected to a specially-crafted webpage or opens a specially-crafted file. Details of these vulnerabilities are as follows:

  • Multiple memory corruption vulnerabilities that could allow remote code execution. (CVE-2016-2815)
  • A buffer overflow vulnerability when parsing HTML5 fragments in a foreign context such as under an <svg> node. (CVE-2016-2819)
  • A use-after-free vulnerability when deleting document object model (DOM) table elements created within the editor that could result in a exploitable crash. (CVE-2016-2821)
  • An addressbar spoofing vulnerability that can be utilized to mask the true site URL allowing for spoofing by a malicious site. (CVE-2016-2822)
  • An out-of-bounds vulnerability when using the ANGLE graphics library. (CVE-2016-2824)
  • A partial same-origin-policy vulnerability through setting 'location.host' through data URI. (CVE-2016-2825)
  • A file overwrite and privilege escalation vulnerability through Mozilla Windows Updater. (CVE-2016-2826)
  • A Use-after-free vulnerability when textures are used in WebGL operations after recycle pool destruction. (CVE-2016-2828)
  • A vulnerability when requesting permissions in short succession that can lead to the microphone icon displayed for an unrelated notification (CVE-2016-2829)
  • A vulnerability when full-screen and pointerlock requests are done in combination with closing windows that could lead to denial of service attack or clickjacking. (CVE-2016-2831)
  • An information-disclosure vulnerability in CSS pseudo-classes that can be used by web content to leak information on plugins that are installed but disabled. (CVE-2016-2832)
  • A cross-site scripting vulnerability when the Content Security Policy (CSP) does not block loading of cross-domain Java applets when specified by policy (CVE-2016-2833)
  • Network Security Services Vulnerabilities (CVE-2016-2834)

Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Customers whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than those who operate with administrative user rights.

Actions: 
  • After appropriate testing, apply applicable patches provided by Mozilla to the vulnerable systems.
  • Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.
  • Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
  • Inform and educate users regarding the threats posed by hypertext links contained in emails or attachments especially from un-trusted sources.
References: 

Mozilla: 

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-49/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-50/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-51/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-52/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-53/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-54/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-55/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-56/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-57/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-58/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-59/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-60/

https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2016-61/

CVE:

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2815

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2818

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2819

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2821

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2822

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2824

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2825

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2826

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2828

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2829

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2831

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2832

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2833

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2016-2834