This security update resolves vulnerabilities in the VBScript and JScript scripting engines in Microsoft Windows. The more severe of the vulnerabilities could allow remote code execution if an attacker hosts a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerabilities through Internet Explorer (or leverages a compromised website or a website that accepts or hosts user-provided content or advertisements) and then convinces a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked "safe for initialization" in an application or Microsoft Office document that uses the IE rendering engine to direct the user to the specially crafted website.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerabilities could gain the same user rights as the current user and, if the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, the attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
The update addresses the vulnerabilities by modifying how the VBScript and JScript scripting engines handle objects in memory, and helping to ensure that affected versions of VBScript properly implement the ASLR security feature.
- Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
- Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
- Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
- Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
- Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
- Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
- Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
- Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(Server Core installation only)
- Multiple Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities - Remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in the way that the VBScript and JScript engines, when handling objects in memory in Internet Explorer, render. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerabilities through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked "safe for initialization" in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the IE rendering engine. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerabilities.(CVE-2015-2482), CVE-2015-6055)
- VBScript and JScript ASLR Bypass - A security feature bypass exists when the VBScript and JScript engines fail to use the Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) security feature, allowing an attacker to more reliably predict the memory offsets of specific instructions in a given call stack. The security feature bypass by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution. However, an attacker could use the ASLR bypass in conjunction with another vulnerability, such as a remote code execution vulnerability, that could take advantage of the ASLR bypass to more reliably run arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2015-6052)
- Scripting Engine Information Disclosure Vulnerability - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when JScript or VBScript improperly discloses the contents of its memory, which could provide an attacker with information to further compromise the user's computer or data. To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker must know the memory address of where the object was created. The update addresses the vulnerability by changing the way certain functions handle objects in memory. (CVE-2015-6059)
- Consider implementing the workarounds provided by Microsoft if patching cannot be completed immediately. (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/security/ms15-108).
- Remind users not to visit un-trusted websites or follow links provided by unknown or un-trusted sources.
- Run all software as a non-privileged user (one without administrative privileges) to diminish the effects of a successful attack.